50 When Dunkerque was torpedoed at Mers-el-Kébir on 6 July 6, 1940 this proved to be a shortcoming, as the main fire control directors were unseated from their ball races because of the "whiplash" effect on the mast around which they were mounted. In mid-May 1937, she represented France in the Naval Review of 1937, at Spithead, Portsmouth, to mark the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. On Strasbourg, the Indret boilers were built under license by the Penhoët Shipbuilding Yards. However, it was soon decided to split the Force de Raid into hunting groups against the German surface raiders, and incorporating some Royal Navy warships. Scuttling at Toulon edit Main article: Scuttling of the French fleet in Toulon Strasbourg after having been bombed by US Air Force bombers on With Bretagne lost, and the Dunkerque and Provence severely damaged, the Lorraine interned at Alexandria, the Courbet and the Paris seized. Stern view showing the aircraft installations and the 130mm DP quad aft turrets In the anti-aircraft mode, the 130 mm Mle1932 guns were considered to have poor efficiency against close-rapid aircraft (i.e.
When they were commissioned, only the last existing battlecruisers of the British Royal Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy were their equals. 7072 a b Dumas, Dunkerque 2001,. . As built, Dunkerque had a standard displacement of 26,500 t, a 215-metre (705 ft) length, a 31-metre (102 ft) beam, and.5-metre (28 ft)draught. They were.33 m long,.34 m high, and.50 m wide, installed two boilers side-by-side in three boiler rooms. Although the cruisers secretly displaced far more than allowed by Treaty of Versailles, they were nonetheless well-suited for commerce raiding, and could outrun all major capital ships (except for HMS Hood and the two Renown -class battlecruisers of the British Royal Navy). 4951 Dumas, Dunkerque 2001,. . For comparison,247-metre (810 ft) long SS Île-de-France had been built at the civilian Penhoët shipbuilding yard at Saint-Nazaire. Le Navi di Linea Italiane (in Italian). TripAdvisor LLC is not responsible for content on external web sites.
Cokine, et Cokin: Cokine a lisses dunkerque. 29 Strasbourg was the same except for heavier vertical armor, with a displacement of 27,320 t, and.15 metres (0.49 ft) more draught. 52 Aviation facilities edit The aircraft installations (hangar, catapult, and crane) on Dunkerque were particularly complete and well-designed, and were major advances over the facilities retrofitted to older battleships in the 1920s. During the "Phony War" edit In the first days of September 1939, the Force de Raid under Vice Admiral d'Escadre ( Squadron Vice Admiral ) Gensoul on Dunkerque, and including the 1st Line Division, the 4th Cruiser division, and eight large destroyers was based. In July 1938, during the trials of Strasbourg, the results were similar at 30 knots while developing 115,000 shp, and.90 knots with 131,960 shp forcing. The maximum training speed was 12/s, and the maximum elevating speed was 8/s. The absorption of the great recoil forces also presented difficulties, and these ships were very lightly constructed, and they suffered repeatedly from damage caused by the firing of their own guns. Power would have been from two groups of boilers and turbines, as on the Duquesne -class cruiser, although with 12 (rather than 8) Guyot-du-Temple boilers, giving a total of 180,000 hp and a 33 knot top speed. The propulsion plant power of 42,000 shp allowed only a 23 knot speed. The 330 mm shell was.65 m long and weighed 570 kg, which was nearly twice the weight of the 280 mm Deutschland -class shell (300 kg or of the Scharnhorst -class class AP shell (336 kg).
Protection against German 280 mm shells was the paramount requirement, although it seemed that the armament from previous projects and a speed of 30 knots might still be maintained. A High Explosive (HE) variant of shell, referenced OEA Mle 1935 ( Obus Explosif en Acier could have been designed and tested, but would have not been ordered, as no reference of this shell has been found in the war ammunition inventories of the ships. This "unit machinery" layout was considered essential for relatively lightly-armored ships to enable them to continue operating following action damage, and was first introduced by the French Navy in the first Treaty cruiser, the Duquesne. The propulsion was assured by six Indret boilers and four Parsons turbines on Dunkerque. Le cuirassé Richelieu (in French). London: Macdonald Co Publishers Ltd. 34 In order to avoid the possibility of a hit which simultaneously damaged both turrets, they were positioned 27 m apart from each other 24 there were 19 m between the A and B turrets, and 23 m between B and C turrets, of the Nelson -class battleships..
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|Cokine a lisses dunkerque||The Metal Fighting Ship in the Royal Navy. 37 The weight of one quadruple 330 mm turret built by Saint-Chamond was 1,497 tons, nearly the same weight as one triple cokine a lisses dunkerque 381 mm turret of the Littorio class. Range finding edit Dunkerque, in 19371938, before she was fitted with a funnel cowling in place of a flat cap For the 330 mm battery, there was a stereoscopic triplex 12 m OPL ( Optique de Precision de Levallois-Perret ) rangefinder, which was replaced in 1940. Giorgerini, Giorgio; Nani, Antonio (1973). The Nelson s prioritized firepower and protection over speed, with the Dunkerque s being the opposite.|